Can the Concept of Terrorism Be Understood Objectively?
This article examines the discourses of the term politically-driven terrorism and how it can be defined objectively. By using library research, this paper argues that it is necessary for those who study on terrorism to add the word global in terrorism concept to describe the pattern of transnational terrorist movements and ideology. This transnational movement indicates that the threat of terrorism does not only cross-national borders but also the actors are no longer bound by the ideology of a particular country but purely a transnational ideology that may not have been realized but only aspired by the leader of his/her group instead. The ease of international migration and information dissemination through globalization has been exploited by these terrorist groups to spread their extreme ideology and violence movement not only in the US, UK, European Union, middle east region but also in Indonesia. Thus, the politically-driven concept of terrorism on the basis of the origin of the actor, both geographically and religiously, in the form of US led-Global War against Terrorism is an oversimplified concept and irrelevant to understand the underlying cause of terrorism objectively.
Arfin Sudirman is affiliated to the Department of International Relations, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.
Nuning Kurniasih is affiliated to the Library and Information Science Program, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.