Prevention of Radicalism and Terrorism in Indonesia Through Law Enforcement in Terrorism Law
To protect its citizens from terrorism, the Indonesian government formulated a law to eradicate the act of terrorism. One of the reasons behind the birth of the Act was the bombing tragedy at Sari Club and Paddy's Club, Kuta Legian, Bali on October 12, 2002. This research aims to analyze the prevention of radicalism and terrorism in Indonesia through law enforcement in terrorism law. This research used a qualitative method where primary data were gained from observation, and secondary data were gained from various documents and media. In addition, this study also analyzes the legal perspective, namely the newly enacted terrorism law in 2018. This research found that terrorism crime is the result of the accumulation of several factors, not only by a psychological factor, but also economic, political, religious, sociological, and many others. The main problem in combating terrorism is about the duration of arrest and detention in the Bill on the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Terrorism. There is a difference in the duration of arrest and detention from the Criminal Code, Law no. 15 of 2013 on Combating Terrorism Crime and the Bill on the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Terrorism. The longer period increases the likelihood of human rights violation.
Sugianto is affiliated to the Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Syekh Nurjati, Cirebon, Indonesia.
Ahmad Rofi'i is a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) affiliated to Faculty of Law, Monash University, Australia.